The quality of a woman’s eggs and her ovarian reserve diminishes with age while the reproductive organs maintain their ability to carry a pregnancy. The decrease in quality is relatively gradual until the age of 35, after which the rate increases dramatically. When egg quality decreases, the chance of pregnancy decreases and the risk of miscarriage and genetic abnormality increases. Egg freezing offers flexibility in delaying pregnancy for later in life and allows patients to take control of their own biological clock.
What are the steps involved in egg freezing?
Ovarian Stimulation (7 to 10 days):
On day 2 of the menstrual cycle, fertility medications are prescribed to stimulate the growth of multiple follicles in the ovaries. Ultrasound scans and blood tests are used to monitor follicular growth and hormone levels. 36 hours before the scheduled egg retrieval, a trigger shot is given to induce maturation of the eggs within a scheduled time frame.
Egg Retrieval (OPU):
Eggs are retrieved using a thin ultrasound-guided needle during a minor procedure under sedation and are then frozen for later use.
Future IVF Cycle:
When you are ready for pregnancy, your eggs are thawed and a single sperm is injected into each of the retrieved eggs using a micropipette in a process called Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).